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Libya: the story of occupation, independence, and political stability

Libya: the story of occupation, independence, and political stability

We are always talking about the story of Libya; it is a story of occupation, independence, and political stability, to be able to identify Libya's relationship with Italy.

It’s the occupation of Libya in 1911 that leaves without the cooperation and partnership and the spirit of justice and equality in Libya's struggle.

Libya's independence with the cooperation of the United Kingdom of Libya under the leadership of Idris Senousi and a choice of the constitution in three states of Baraka (Cyrenaica) , Tripoli (Tripolitania), and Fezzan.

Libya as being a constitutional state, a proclamation for Libya independence was issued by the General Assembly of the United Nations resolution No. 4/289 in November 1949.

On December 24, 1951, the proclamation of the independent was the birth of Libya and was the result of Italian colonization.

Libya was confronted by selfish attitudes and acquisitions and singled out from colonization to independence to political stability among the three Libyan regions.

The relationship between Libya and Italy is defined by its occupation of 1911; the events then evolve to be intertwined with the recent agreements on illegal migration from Libya to Italy.

The violations suffered by migrants during their stay in Libya to be a story incomplete in its political, economic and social dimensions.

The origin is selfishness and the lust for exclusivity in the Libyan issue from the political and military aspects as Libya emerges from the Libya political instability that the founding fathers of the independent state have long fought against.

The partnership in political action has a historical story and the most important of which is the constitutional legitimacy that it does not exist until the recognition of the independence of Libya is cleared, which is written in Libya's historical struggle pages so that Libya to be a legitimate constitutional state.

The story of Libya passes from humanitarian disasters, and no matter how these disasters emerged on the surface of Libya, there are images of the lack of participation in a new political system and presidential and parliamentary elections.

But history is turning back when we look at the Italian occupation of Libya and those who moved Libya from colonization to independence to stability in the United Kingdom of Libya, a period that marked most of the Libyan regions with a kind of political stability.

The march of participation in the political process today, the Libyan political parties and the conflicting poles are producing different forms, a leadership that is not keen on stabilizing Libya again.

We are not here to reconnect with the past with the Libyan memory, which has been marked by Libyan political changes from a monarchy to a Republican to the Jamahiriya the “state of masses”, but rather we are talking about fighting the political disaster that the state of Libya is confronting.

The conflicting political parties must lead to diversity, not to the dissonance in the memory of the Libyan nation, Libya is not fragmented. State and it does not know the violence, the displacement and the resolution of difficulties in this country have been plagued by human disasters in recent years.

Libya had gained a lot through its independence from the United Nations and to recover much of its freedom by means of its independence. Therefore, we had to reestablish the relations between Libya and Italy on the basis of acquiring knowledge of Italian colonization in Libya and the damage caused by the martyrdom of Omar al-Mukhtar.

So the resistance continued until at least 1931. It took several years, as was said at the time, to "pacify Libya" and use means such as concentration camps for nomadic and semi-nomadic populations and weapons against the civilian population.

The Italian colonization of demography was in the story of the settlers who sent to the pieces of Libyan land, the symbol of Italian colonization at the time, and left many Italians in the year of 1970 when they were expelled from Libya.

But the arguments used by the former regime were arguments in a way that was not useful for the absence of a social, political and economic context that would ensure that the colonial conflict was not repeated again on Libyan territory, even if it was an indirect colonial ambition.

The emphasis is on the economic impact of oil, which determines Libya's strategic position with the geopolitical game, which teaches us that the aspirations are in line with the historical interests and relations between Italy and Libya, and the way, Libya operates in light of the partnership between the Libyan and Italian parties.

Our commitment to the independence of Libya and the constitutional legitimacy and the disbanding of the conflict between the conflicting political poles and the unification of the sovereign institutions in Libya are working to re-establish the unified state, driven by individual despotism in governance and to the Libyan people's national sovereignty.

By Professor Ramzi Halim Mavrakis

Businessman - Libyan political and economic writer and analyst

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