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Model of the disarmament Libyan nuclear weapons ...  prospects of the Libyan experience and North Ko

Model of the disarmament Libyan nuclear weapons ... prospects of the Libyan experience and North Korea

Libya witnessed a fundamental transformation in the era of Jamahiriya regime, a remarkable change in the world of disposal and the cessation of the idea of producing Libyan nuclear weapons.

The process of complete elimination of Libyan nuclear program was meant only for the peaceful framework, not nuclear production in Libya.

Libya was disarmed because it had a way out to reach a peaceful solution with the United States in 2003 and to lead Libya to the agreement and the right choice to get rid of its nuclear programs.

The reason for the creation of the nuclear program is to have a strong balance between the Arab states and the State of Israel, which possesses nuclear weapons.

Years of economic blockade against Libya this made a backdrop of support of the Jamahiriya regime to the liberal forces in the world.

The development of Libya's nuclear weapons programs by Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, which did not lead to any practical successes and concrete Libyan foreign policy at the time.

The United States of America is setting this up again with the model of North Korea and Libya between 2003 and 2004, to the extent that the United States is not surprised by North Korea's choice of courage and nuclear disarmament.

The choice to disarm North Korea was at the first meeting between President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jung-un and a sound and strategic decision to abandon nuclear weapons, as Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi followed.

The pivotal transformation that North Korea is undergoing now and over the next few months is overshadowed by the vast changes in the political, diplomatic, military, regional and international landscape.

Compliance with North Korea's ability to dispose of its nuclear weapons same as the Libyan regime has eliminated them.

The question is whether North Korea has the decisive decisions to avoid military action and the elimination of nuclear weapons as the only solution to the dismantling of economic, political and social crises after these developments!

North Korea was not the only country to support Libya for the production and success of the Libyan nuclear weapon, prompting Libya to try to reach European companies related to the preparations for the Libyan nuclear project.

Tajora had uranium for its nuclear reactor, as Russia supplied Libya with a peaceful nuclear reactor, but it was an international watchdog to produce materials for the Libyan nuclear project in several countries such as the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Malaysia and South Africa.

Supplies to Libyan nuclear project was the entry of Libya through Arab countries and its sources came from France, the United States of America and Germany with help on the way form Libya bureau of foreign affairs offices abroad.

Libyan nuclear reactor was affiliated to the Nuclear Research Center in Tajora, near the Libyan capital of Tripoli, which was the nucleus of scientific research for peaceful purposes with the aspirations of the Libyan authorities in the future use of non-peaceful purposes of the Libyan nuclear weapons.

The North Korean politicians are even in the process of giving up weapons of mass destruction on the same Libyan side and their purpose is to get out of the economic crises.

North Korea as Libya has directed and facing just as during the days of the former Libyan regime that are unconditionally adapted to American demands.

The difference between North Korea and the former Libyan regime lies in the fact that Libya was pragmatic in dealing with US position after the fall of the Iraqi regime.

The capture of President Saddam Hussein, which helped Libya accelerate the elimination of its nuclear program.

North Korea has its own issues that deepen the vision on many of the internal files; especially the balance of military power that was once in its favor with neighbor South Korea and today turn to the economic balance that has become more damage to the of its economy.

The rapid transition was at the negotiating table in the meeting of President Donald Trump with Kim Jung-un face-to-face, which represented a historical development in the relations between the two countries.

The escalation of the crisis on the Korean Peninsula made this meeting take place, but with the case of Libya, the Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and US President George W. Bush did not take face to face.

Some look discontent and anger within the Libyan regime's system of decisions on the disposal of the Libyan nuclear technology project, but the decisions came at times and difficult conditions experienced by Libya.

Libya's announcement in December 2003 that it would abandon efforts to acquire nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and allow US inspectors to search for its weapons sites and remove sensitive equipment, that would enable Libya to comply with the seriousness of its nuclear disarmament.

The removal of Libya and the elimination of the nuclear project was Libya's commitment to prevent the escalation of tensions around it that had the equipment to be used in the Libyan nuclear production process.

Libya had sent to the United States of America, the request for abandonment, which made many believe that Libya is still determined on its nuclear weapons program.

Within the framework of the Libyan Government's agreement to rid itself of weapons of mass destruction, a shipment containing 5,000 metric tons of equipment destined for the United States of America, including cargo from all known uranium enrichment centrifuges and Libya's long-range Scud missiles, was left with associated materials.

All known chemical munitions in Libya have been destroyed from mustard gas depots and transferred from unsafe depots to one safe facility, the United States has been working to destroy and remove the actual agent itself.

The cargoes were transported to Taxes from Libya's nuclear weapons facilities to the US Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, the largest science, and energy laboratory at the US Department of Energy.

On the other hand, in recognition of the efforts of the Libyan authorities at the time, the administration of US President George Bush announced that American would allow US oil companies to start negotiating to return to Libya.

America would allow the ending of the restriction on Americans to use their American passports to visit Libya, the oil-rich state.

After discussions with Libyan officials on the restoration of Libyan-American relations, the US administration decided to allow Libya to establish a diplomatic presence in Washington, DC, after its decision to establish several diplomats in Tripoli, Libya.

The elimination of Libyan nuclear weapons was in Libya's best strategic interest, which enabled Libya to ease sanctions and allow US oil companies to resume oil activities in Libya.

After US companies abandoned Libya, which was forced by the expanded US sanctions to withdraw in 1986, Libya is an oil-producing country an OPEC member Libya with 1.4 million barrels of oil per day.

Former US President George W. Bush used Libya's pledge to abandon its nuclear programs and Libya has appointed veteran oil expert Fathi Omar bin Shitwan as energy secretary five years before negotiations on the return of US oil companies as an example for other countries.

President Donald Trump of the US presidency has moved toward North Korea in an attempt to reach a rapprochement and understanding on the Korean nuclear reactor, which many diplomats hold as the biggest United States move toward next decades of international crisis.

Korea's internal and external crises inevitably push Korea to what it wants to do to reach the White House, not to open up good relations between the two countries but to break the economic, political and social stranglehold of North Korea as it was in Libya during the previous Libyan regime.

Observers read that North Korea, same as the Libyan side, in terms of getting rid of the nuclear program, which has no benefit to the smaller countries from acquiring them and the crisis countries by the economic and political factors, is bad for their societies.

Can we take from these neural circumstances of North Korea and from the internal crises of Libya a kind of comparison in international politics and to put a desire in the role of the Libyan constitutional institutions against our crises that are suffocating Libya in terms of the divisions in the institutions of the Libyan state between the East and West.

The damage to Libya has become a reality, clear and deteriorating Libyan political matters among the political poles, and even build a new vision accompanied by practical steps on a firm basis in international relations.

Good relations between Libya and the United States of America, it should have been recognized that it was valid to follow, with an aspiration that America has become a strength in its foothold in the political international scene.

American is trying to play the important political strategic role and to work seriously to get Libya out of the controlled crises that suffocating multiple matters!

By Professor Ramzi Mavrakis

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