Italy and Britain, regional actors ... Return of Élysée Palace power to an international conference
Italy and Britain, regional actors ... Return of Élysée Palace power to an international conference about Libya
The military operations that began in Libya in March 2011, from various countries in the wake of the 1973 UN Security Council resolution and then gathered under the authority of "NATO" with the establishment of the "unified protection".
The initiative of France and Britain united protectorate was at the Élysée Palace summit, a special initiative between the two countries in which many countries participated in the international coalition against Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and by special order of the President of the French Republic.
France has not left its major political role on the international scene since February 2011 to this day and even after the suppression of the first peaceful demonstrations in eastern Libya,
An opportunity to Italy was at the point of separating the Libyan issue on the sidelines of the debate within the ruling class and the Italian public opinion.
After the bombing of the city of Benghazi by the former Libyan regime, France suggested its partnership to apply sanctions against the former Libyan regime, France played an active role in the political arena in negotiations with the UN Security Council on February 26, 2011, to determine the sanctions and study the possibility of an air embargo On Libya in full cooperation with the United States of America.
On 17 March, a special initiative from France and the United Kingdom adopted the 1973 resolution of the Security Council, which provided for the establishment of an air-risk zone in Libyan airspace, except humanitarian flights, to protect them from strikes by the former Libyan regime.
The resolution also authorizes all Member States to use all necessary means to protect civilians and respect the no-fly zone, the 1973 resolution provides for a tightening of the arms embargo and the possibility of inspecting boats and vessels coming to and from Libya.
Today, we see the French initiative, which seems to be more capable of any other initiative and the recognition of France by encouraging and supporting the Libyan political commissioners among the conflicting Libyan poles.
To bring the conflicted poles to a dialogue table at an international conference working in parallel with the United Nations, Ghassan Salama in the implementation of the United Nations plan to resolve the crisis in Libya.
Perhaps, Rome has postponed the political competition with France indefinitely in a serious discussion on Libya's political issue, in which France once again shows the strong state and sponsor of the political process in terms of the question of the Libyan state immersed in crises, considering France moves in parallel with the line of the United Nations Security Council.
But Italy can not have its foreign policy coherent and effective in the direction of the direct challenge of the French government goal, without pursuing and seeing what is happening in the absence of state sovereignty in Libya.
Libya's historical relationship with Italy includes preserving the artistic heritage of Italian sites in Libya.
Italy is the European country that covers Libya with old houses in the Libyan capital of Tripoli, Benghazi city and the cities that lie on the coast of Libya, from paintings and decorations and historical monuments on large areas on Libyan territory.
The Libyan authorities, through the Department of Antiquities, calls on the Italian state for lack of economic resources and the impossibility of access to materials for the reconstruction process due to events after 2011, and to asked Italy to intervene to prevent further losses in the Libyan social heritage.
The joint efforts between the two, Libya and Italian institutions, both public and private, will contribute to strengthening the historical, cultural and social ties between the two countries, which share the same Mediterranean and Mediterranean values.
The Libyan crisis requires careful consideration of reality and of regional actors as well as the need to ensure that the chaos that spread in Libya is a direct threat not to the security of the Libyan national in particular, but threatens the European national security in general.
The Libyan coast near the centers of regional states that are waging war on terror and illegal migrations flowing from our northern Libyan coasts, from Africa to Europe, which doubles the size of the alleged effects of stability in neighboring countries in both civil war and the weakness of Libyan government forces that do not have the full capacity to apply Security and Safety in Libya.
France, which is able to play the role of bringing together the conflicting Libyan parties on the political scene and paving the way for activating the initiative put forward by Paris to solve the crisis in Libya.
Steps are taken to confront the Italian decision-making circles, which have direct influence on the corridors and files of Libya as the old Libyan colony.
Historical years linking Italy to Libya and a French challenge to Libya, accompanied by political achievements of France, it does not relieve Italy form the interventions of France in the Libyan issue of the historical influence of Italy from the east to the west.
But the presence of France has been and remains in force in the southern geographical area of Libya to strengthen its expansionist position in the Libyan political scene, which was exacerbated by conflicts in Libya between the four authorities all claim to have the legitimacy of the country's rule without a constitutional legitimacy of Libya states the legitimacy of its presence on the Libyan political scene.
Serious and latent repercussions on the agenda of the regional actors on the Libya, after the signing of the Agreement Skhirat Morocco, which is an attempt to end the conflict in this transitional stage.
The political struggle for power at the upcoming parliamentary and presidential elections by the end of this year will bring about an agenda of the special actors on the new Libyan state.
This is the French efforts to invite to participate in the International Conference on the Libyan issue in the French capital Paris in the presence of some Libyan political activists, including the Commander-in-Chief of the Libyan Armed Forces Khalifa Hafter and the President of the Presidential Council of the National Accord Government Faiz Sarraj and the Speaker of the House of Representatives Agila Saleh.
In the Libyan state, there are conflicts in the internal authority, in which many parallel sovereign institutions emerged, including the Abdullah al-Tani government of the House of Representatives and its current headquarters, the eastern city of Tobruk, and the two rescue governments emanating from the General National Congress.
As for the national reconciliation resulting from the Skhirat agreement, headed by Fayez al-Sarraj in the west of the country, the countries of the world deal with it as the legitimate authority in Libya and the military authority of Marshal Khalifah Hafer, which is subject to the government of the fold and allied with it in its fight against terrorism.
For many years now, the political crisis has not ended the Libyan crisis with the divisions of the Libyan sovereign institutions, which was supervised by the Security Council of the United Nations, a road map consisting of three stages, either successive stages or successive implementation of the path of the UN plan of Ghassan Salaam’s road map for Libya.
It reflects the true face of the Libyan parties' gathering with the mandate of the Libyan legitimacy stipulated in the Moroccan Skhirat Agreement for many years and in coordination with the United Nations, the World Organization and under the clear pressure of the surrounding Arab countries and Arab and African regional organizations.
In the hope of the French initiative which revolves around the unification of the financial institution and the abolition of any parallel institutions in the Libyan state and reopen the registrations of voters and provide new opportunities for voters who missed the registration.
The adoption of the Libyan Constitution by the Constituent Assembly and the referendum on it by all segments of Libyan society is an important factor in the success of parliamentary and presidential elections for the sovereignty of the Libyan states.
Security and stability is a must to the protection of borders from external interference and the Constitutional action gives a great deal of responsibility to the people, the responsibility of the ruling for a stable state, which produces a new political culture in choosing the best and strongest to lead the Libyan nation and emerge from successive crises and intractable.
Injustice and tyranny are manifested when the Libyan society retreats from the Libyan constitution and constitutional institutions, weakening the will of the people in decisions, choices and implementation through the strong and sable state, and it allow one ruler to dispose of absolute power without reference to the permanent Libyan constitution.
The mixing of the paying card in the Libyan politics is between the responsibility and the fortification of the United Nations ideas action for the state of Libya.
Some group of people will not respond to cooperate to resolve the Libyan issue and further confusion of the political scene in the acts of extremism and terrorism rampant in the Libyan society.
France, Italy, Britain, and all the European actors who have a history of influence in Libya have choices to take and decisions and actions against the failure of the Libyan state to establish its legitimate borders and may force Libya to face up sudden changes in the coming years.
There may be a blatant protest among the Libyan people against the fragile balance that was not resolved by the government of national reconciliation with the international community and local leaders to ease the burden on the Libyan people economically, politically, socially and security, and the existence of an effective settlement with Marshal Khalifa Hafter, commander-in-chief of the Libyan armed forces.
The Libyan national participation in the creation of the new stable state of Libya in the organs of its unified sovereign governments and the work on the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the Libyan state of foreign intervention and the reconstitution of the Libyan national army in the modern Libyan military unified.
To move away from the support of the Libyan armed militias in the security and stability of Libya and to leave the armed forces to the Libyan national army to continue the fight against terrorism and extremism.
The evils caused by the many factors, an environmental of political, economic and social past bad times that once on old regime and which has now spread rapidly not only in the Libya but also in the Arabian and other Islamic nations.
One of the most prominent events that take place in Libya and the Arab region in general lies in the Arab states' wars on terrorism and extremism inside and outside their borders.
These wars are fought today by Libyan regular forces on terrorism, illegal immigration and Libyan militias.
The Libyan military's ultimate efforts to unite the Libyan military establishment from the east to the west to the south to protect the state of Libya from external interference and end conflicts between the political poles and to reach a solution that satisfies everyone within the scope of legitimate Libyan constitution.
One of the fundamentals of the modern Libyan state is its emergence before the world in a strong unified state, in addition to other factors of the forces, namely, the state of national institutions, full and comprehensive, unified constitutional, and the presence of a strong national army that protects its territory from foreign interference and ambitions.
France has succeeded in trying to re-present the international political scene once again in an attempt to exit the Libyans from dubious Libyan crisis, which stretched the complexity between the fluctuation of the political situation in Libya and its absolute support among the Libyan parties over and over again.
It is the conflict of France, the state that supported Libya with the participation of Air Force combat, the aircraft Mirage fighter in the air strikes against the forces of the Libyan Jamahiriya, on the east city of Benghazi.
Libya has become a French cake embellished with epilepsy politics Libyan political poles that want and hopes to lift the embargo in all its forms, especially the Libyan funds frozen in international banks, to purchase Russian made weapons and advanced air defense organization working to combat terrorism in the Libyan state, form United Nations Security Council.
The Libyan oil cake, which is considered the strength of the Libyan people is to go foreign companies, including Britain, America, Italy and Germany, it’s an even equal settlements which is setting up their international alliance to get Libya out of economic and political crises.
Thus, dividing Libyan interest among the legitimacy of Arab countries on the regional level, Libya political arena is fragile and the role of the collapsed state of Libya.
Many countries of the world are intrigues and sedition to the stakes of the regional countries, in a financial support and arms with its partners in the struggle of the Libyan extremist militias on the share of the legacy of the abundant Jamahiriya wealth!
By Professor Ramzi Halim Mavrakis