Tunisia talks… raise doubts about Libya's power-sharing among the parties

Tunisia talks… raise doubts about Libya's power-sharing among the parties

Libyan parties will begin a new round of talks hosted by the Tunisian state with UN envoy Ghassan Salama on the subject of the Libyan political conflict by the Libyan parliament and the Supreme Council of the Government of the National Reconciliation Government.

The political process is still full of differences of opinion and views between the two committees of dialogue, the committee emanating from the parliament in a statement that the reference to points and understandings of the past has been settled, the Supreme Council Committee declares that the parliament was refusing to deal with the political agreement in its essential.

The Libyan National Reconciliation Government did not succeed in obtaining unanimity in Libya, a government built on the ruins of the Skhirat agreement led by Faiz al-Sarraj outside the Libyan homeland, despite the expansion of the control of the Al-Sarraj government over the western region; it could not control the entire eastern region.

The basic shortcomings of the government “The national consensus” is due mainly to the lack of control over the Libyan state in full, and this is also due to several reasons, including the support of Marshal Khalifa Hafter with the confidence of the Libyan parliament in its eastern region.

The Libyan political controversy centered on Article 8 of the Skhirat Agreement, which grants the government of Al-Seraj an appointment

The authority of the commander of the Libyan armed forces and the eastern region knows that the man who carried out the “battle of dignity” and counter-terrorism in Libya is considered the strong man with his military influence Marshal Khalifa Hafter commander of the Libyan armed forces.

As for the political aspect, the multiplicity of Libyan legislative institutions is in itself a major imbalance in the structure of the Libyan political System.

The structure of the House of Representatives in 2014 and the Council of State that was resulted from the agreement Skhirat which was the formation of the former members of the National Congress, the (the former Libyan parliament).

The conflicting parties decided to form a mini-presidential council of three members, no authority can define legislative or executive powers unless there is a constitution in place in the country.

The powers of Parliament in the House of Representatives, the Supreme Council and even the Libyan governments, including the Government of National Reconciliation, are considered deficient in the structure of the Libyan political system, in an opposite direction to the a action Plans Submitted by Ghassan Salama in September to the United Nations.

The general goal is to find common solutions between all Libyan political parties and a constitution that will lead to legitimate elections, as required by the current phase of division, corruption, destruction and the suffocating economic crisis in the Libyan state.

The amendment of the Skhirat agreement is not enough for the peaceful political transition to put an end to the chaos that is being exposed to Libya every day.

That is why this process of talks in Tunisia will lead Ghassan Salama to adopt the next step of convening a national conference to include all the political spectrums regardless of their political orientations Intellectual and ideological issues to discuss the problems and concerns of the Libyan homeland.

The stifling political and security crisis and the spiral of violence witnessed by Libya in recent years are proof of the total failure of the Libyan governments and the systematic political structure on the official Libyan individuals who do not know how to get out of this cycle dilemma.

Tunisia, the Arab and foreign countries and the United Nations stand on the Libyan issue when the political parties are in differences, but the conflict over the Libyan authority in which the common factors between the transient and safe borders that serve the stability of the Libyan state are drawn.

Libyan delegations return to Libya once again and with them, bunch of hope for peaceful communication between the conflicting political parties. But the Libyan reality indicates the opposite of that hope which resides in the many memories of the Libyan people who lived through the ravages of the lean years and the devastating Libyan civil war.

By Professor Ramzi Mavrakis